Biblical Reasonings based on The Teaching of Qedamawi Haile Sellassie
The following article is a basic synopsis of Counting the Omer. It is published to provide a fundamental understanding of the Hebrew fixed calendar and Judaic Luni-Solar calendar in regards to Adonai’s Appointed Feast days. The Western Gentile solar move-able dates are presented as per Gregorian and Julian Calendars. The Hebrew months are presented from both names given in the Torah and the modern rendering which ensued following the Babylonian captivity. The Stellar or Zodiac Calendar is beyond the scope of this summary. For the sake of simplicity, details of the Barley/Wheat Harvest and New Grain/Meal Offering as mentioned in Leviticus 23:16 are not included in this article.
As we prepare for Shavuot; The Feast of Weeks/Pentecost, it’s good to review this (5778/2018) year’s Counting of the Omer. The observance of Shavuot/Pentecost is greatly significant to the Judeo-Christian Rastafari Faith as it marks the giving of the Torah to Israel, the giving of the Holy Spirit to the Disciples of Adonai Yeshua the Messiah and The Revelation of King Messiah H.I.M. Haile Selassie I.
This subject matter has not been without sufficient controversy; even among rabbinical circles whom choose to Count the Omer beginning from the Feast of Passover and variations thereof. However, in the Torah, Leviticus 23:11 clearly states that the Omer Count is to begin on The MORROW AFTER THE WEEKLY SABBATH after the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The Feast of Unleavened Bread begun this year March 31/April 1 ; Abib/Nisan 15 ; and fulfilled on April 7/8 ; Abib/Nisan 22 (Leviticus 23:6). The MORROW AFTER THE WEEKLY SABBATH is when the Sheaf /Omer of the FirstFruit offering is brought to the Priest to wave before Adonai. This Day is also known as the Feast of FirstFruits (April 8/9 ; Abib/Nisan 23). Moreover, the phrase in Leviticus 23:10 “…when ye be come into the Land which I give to you” is not without Hebrew Theological significance in Light of the Resurrection of The Messiah Yeshua, Adonai.
Nonetheless, let us continue to do the math from the plain reading of the Torah. In Leviticus 23: 15-16 the Counting of the Omer is again emphasized to begin on The MORROW AFTER THE WEEKLY SABBATH following the FirstFruit Wave Offering. From this day, we are commanded to number seven sabbaths/weeks complete or forty nine days to the fiftieth day. Beginning of April 8/9 ; Abib/Nisan 23. There are Thirty Days in the Hebrew 1st Month of Abib/Nisan (as per sighting of the moon 29.5 day cycle with leap month of Adar 2 rotation inserted for solar alignment; confer with Book of Ethiopic Enoch Section 3 Chptr 72-82; Professor Dillman Introductory Notes) which counts for seven days. The 2nd Hebrew month of Iyyar follows. Therefore, Thirty Seven days are accounted for leaving Twelve days for a full seven sabbaths/weeks complete. Accordingly, this places the fulfillment the Counting of the Omer on the eve of the Twelfth of the 3rd Hebrew Month of Abib/Sivan or May 26/27 (Abib/Sivan 12 respectively). The fiftieth Day or Pentecost would occur on the eve of Abib/Sivan 13 ; May 27/28. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church observes The Feast Of The Holy Spirit on May 27, this year 2018/ Ginbot 19th 7510.
As we approach the day, Rastafari Midrashim wishes a blessed and joyful Shavuot/Pentecost to all. Yeshua Shalom!
Additional Study Resources:
Ethiopic Didiscalia Translated by J.M. Harding (Chapter 30)